The Role of Neurons in Substance Abuse

Addiction is a neurological disease and any attempt to define it otherwise can be met with compelling evidence. In fact, the nature of the disease of addiction is almost entirely based upon functions that occur within nerve cells and the circuits they are wired in. Understanding the role neurons play in substance abuse won’t help an addict get clean directly, but it will foster an environment of understanding that can help to mitigate and improve the serious public health threat of substance abuse.

What is a Nerve Cell?

There are billions – perhaps trillions – of nerve cells in the brain. Some scientists theorize there are so many nerve cells because in the event of their death or alteration, these cells are not regenerated and therefore we require a surplus of them. And because their functions are so critical, nerve cells are found in abundance in every area of the brain.

Nerve cells – also called neurons – have many different functions, but overall these functions are primarily communication-related. Neurons communicate by sending and receiving signals to other neurons and nerve circuits, to glands and other hormone-related organs, to muscle cells and other parts of the central nervous system.

Neurons are arranged in circuits, though individual nerve cells do not physically touch. Instead, they float freely within the circuit.

The Individual Parts of Nerve Cells/Neurons

A neuron has 4 primary components;

1. Cell Body: the actual body of the nerve cell

2. Dendrites: dendrites branch out from the top of the nerve cell body

3. Axon: the axon is a long “cord” that extends from the bottom of the cell body

4. Terminals: the terminals branch out from the end of the axon

What Happens During Drug Use

When drugs enter the bloodstream, a signal is sent that excites certain dendrites in a nerve circuit. This signal is processed by the cell body, which in turn then sends instructions about the signal down through the axon. The axon conveys the signal and a neurotransmitter – often dopamine – is released by the terminals.

The neurotransmitter settles into the small gap between individual neurons – called the synaptic gap – and binds with receptors found in the dendrites of connected nerve cells. This causes the user to feel a euphoric sensation or “high.” When drugs like cocaine, heroin or meth interfere with this process, the neurotransmitter is not reabsorbed correctly by the terminals, resulting in neurotransmitter saturation. This causes the high to last for an extended period of time, whereas a natural release of a transmitter like dopamine normally causes a mildly pleasant feeling that quickly dissipates.

How the Brain Corrects the Imbalance

Because drug use is essentially a chemical invasion of the brain, the central nervous system will seek to control the effects of the substance. This is accomplished through a process called drug tolerance, whereby users find it increasingly more difficult to get high.

Tolerance develops when changes are made to the way receptors bind with neurotransmitters, or when other processes in the nerve circuit are altered in order to reduce or eliminate the effects of the foreign substance. Unfortunately, this often means that the drug user will simply increase the dosage of drugs in order to overcome this growing tolerance. This is the beginning of the cycle of addiction.

Permanency of Changes

Changes made to receptors and nerve cells are not reversible. This means that the brain of a drug addict will have significantly changed by the time they stop using. Because these changes are largely permanent, they may cause the addict to feel differently than they did before they began using. Adjusting to these changes is the most difficult part of long term recovery from addiction or alcoholism.

The evidence shows that addiction is not an issue of morals or character; it has its roots literally in our brains and therefore deserves to be treated as the serious health concern that it is. This is why addiction can happen to anyone: we are all wired the same. The sooner we can understand this, the sooner we can begin to offer addicts the right treatment solutions, beginning with a grounded public perception of the neurological nature of addiction.

All-Inclusive Caribbean Resorts – Top 3 Choices

This article will discuss the top all-inclusive Caribbean resorts to help you decide which one will best suit your needs for your vacation. While the destination itself is beautiful, everyone’s taste is different and you’ll want to choose a resort and its location that will make everyone going happy. If you want to take a break from your life, or escape for a romantic trip, or maybe your planning your honeymoon an all-inclusive resort is a great answer since you don’t have to think about a thing when you arrive. Everything is taken care of for you, it is the ultimate in luxury and many of these are family friendly resorts as well.

Curtain Bluff in Antigua: The beautiful beachfront setting is a great location and offers free extras including scuba diving and deep-sea fishing. There are gardens and a 25,000 bottle wine cellar, some people may find this location stuffy, others will love its privacy. There is Continental dining/dancing with live bands, a waterfront spa, two restaurants on-site and 72 rooms and suites. Some facilities include a championship tennis center, a water sports center that is fully equipped for scuba, deep-sea fishing, windsurfing, paddle boarding and more. Be warned however that it is located atop a bluff so it might not be the best location for older travelers.

Almond Beach Village in Barbados: With the motto “It’s all for You. About You”, you know already this location has you in mind, which is what one wants on a trip. The Village is 32 acres on a mile-long beautiful beach. There are rooms and pools located at the north end of the property that are reserved for adults. Located at the south end you’ll find junior and one-bedroom suites that are perfect for families with children from kids to teens. There are many activities available including golf, failing, water-skiing and shopping excursions to Bridgetown. If adults on vacation wish for more they can get on a shuttle and go to Almond Beach Club that offers even more options.

Bitter End Yacht Club in British Virgin Islands: If you love sailing than this hotel is the one for you, located in a marina in the North Sound this resort includes the use of everything from small sailboats to kayaks and windsurfers. So if you are one who loves to dwell in the water, than this resort is for you. You can sign up for lessons at the resort’s sailing school if you like, or if you’d rather just lounge away in a beachfront or balcony that is always an option too. With hotel bars to socialize in or private rooms to relax in this resort is perfect for just about any appetite. The pros of this location include all of the water sports and great diving opportunities, the cons… expensive rates and a lot of stairs.

There may be many all-inclusive Caribbean resorts, but the top three are included in this article for a reason. They are the best and offer just about everything anyone would want, even if your travel partner wants something different from you. So if you want a place to relax, or a place to socialize, or a place to simply enjoy the beauty of the water you are next to, one of these resorts will be what you need. For a honeymoon or a weekend away, one of these Caribbean resorts should fit your needs.

The Flavorful Delights of Israeli Cuisine

It figures I’m about to start a culinary journey on Israeli cuisine while being exceptionally hungry. In my mind’s eye (and a grumbling stomach) I can see the comfort foods of my youth; foods that might make some people in the world ask, what on earth is that?

There’s no easy way to pigeon hole Israeli cuisine, a blend of cultures from Eastern Europe to the shores of Northern Africa and the far reaches of Asia. Each distinct region has brought Israel to the forefront the very best of their tasty dishes, making the act of eating in Israel a vacation all its own.

Many of you might have already heard of some traditional Israeli dishes. Ashkenazi cuisine comes from the folks from Eastern Europe. These are the same folks that give us some wonderfully sweet pastries, yet gave us borsht and gefilte fish. Go figure.

Sephardic foods come from countries like Spain and Morocco, food like the savory pastry known as bourekas, made with puff pastry filled with cheese and spinach, just to name a few.

I’m getting ahead of myself–I should’ve talked about breakfast first. It is the most important meal of the day, right? Most hotels in Israel are quite proud of their Israeli breakfast, which many promote in order to get you to stay there.

Oh no, my American friends, this isn’t your bacon-laden, side of home-fries meal. Look around, you’ll find bowls of fresh fruit, salads made with finely chopped tomatoes, fish, eggs, bread, and yogurt.

Now that I think about it, almost all of Israel’s dishes center on fresh produce. This even includes the ever popular falafel; fried ground chickpeas stuffed in a pita served with Israeli salad (tomato, cucumber, onion) and tahina.

Oh tahina, a sesame sauce that makes everything taste better. Not that the world’s best street food like falafel can’t stand on its own, mind you.

I think the only thing more popular than falafel is hummus. Made with ground chickpeas, often served with pine nuts or a smatter of olive oil, it is generally eaten with just pita. Hummus is so popular in Israeli cuisine it seems to be a culinary staple, no matter what meal it is.

Food in Israel might be fresh and tasty, but it means nothing if not shared with family and loved ones. That is, unless, you’ve gotten a Moroccan and Tunisian fighting it out over who makes better couscous, a dish made from semolina flour with lamb or chicken simmered with veggies on top.

One of the best ways to enjoy Israeli food with the family is a hafla. This is a traditional Bedouin meal of salads and kebabs with Bedouin pita (known as fatir) served as you lounge on soft pillows drinking mint infused beverages (like tea or lemonade).

Food is so ingrained in Israeli culture so that if you’ve been invited into someone’s home, they will try to feed you. And it’s an insult to refuse–so eat up.

Food even has its superstitions. One lady friend who was going to have a baby mentioned in passing that she was “craving” falafel, only to be handed an entire container of them by her Israeli neighbor soon afterwards, simply because it was “wrong” to refuse a pregnant lady any food she wished for.

You could go on forever talking about food in Israel, and spend another lifetime talking about beverages in Israel. Great, now I’m even hungrier than when I started.–someone pass the falafel, please?

Online Directory Tips

A directory is a list of all the possible services and businesses in an area. Before, the go-to book of every individual was the yellow pages directory. But now that the advent of technology has taken over, we move forward to a dynamic type of directory on the internet.

The dynamic directory listing scheme is a directory where every list has a special treatment, or so to say. Unlike the traditional yellow pages where the contact number and address are the only information available, the dynamic directory allows the viewer to feel the place within a click. There is the availability of the pictures, a virtual tour and videos. This feature would enable one to really have a glimpse of the place without actually having to go there.

It does not matter whether or not your directory is geared towards the local business community or the international arena, it will always be best to have a directory that is content specific. This will create a community within the website. Below are ways to have a better directory.

Create a forum – A forum is a webpage where users from different places could comment and stimulate discussions regarding a certain topic. When you create forum that details all the topics within your directory, people can discuss issues, tips and bugs. This way, people can talk to each other and you can monitor their problems regarding your website at the same time.

Have a news section – People love it when you have updated information on your website. When a person goes to your website and sees no changes, chances are they would look for another website that is worth your time. It is sort of hitting two birds with one stone. One, you attract people to your site and two, you give them useful information.

Announce events – Aside from creating a directory list, it would be best if you would allow your users to announce events to fellow users as well. This would increase their audience and at the same time find sponsors for their event. Think of it as doing your users a favor for the patronage that they have given to you.

One site off the net is one offered by Elumba Technlogies. They have been in the business for song long already. They have dynamic directory listing and has been on the internet for how many years already. You may also resort to other sites which offer the same features.

Reminders on Your Safety When Traveling Out of the Country

Traveling is exciting but of course before getting excited you have to think about your safety when traveling abroad especially on places where you are not familiar with. Tourists are always the target of crimes and violence because tourists are usually not accustomed on the places they are visiting. Always remember that your safety should be your priority when traveling. Here are some tips to ensure your safety when traveling out of the country.

Before traveling abroad the very first thing that you should do is leave photocopies of your passport and itinerary to your family or close friends just in case you need to be contacted for emergency. It is best that your family and the people close to you know where you are and how you can be contacted. It is important that you have a travel medical insurance because you will never know when sickness or accident will hit you. It is best to be always prepared and mind about your safety when traveling out of the country.

When you are entering another country, you are subject to its laws so it is best to learn their local laws and customs before visiting. Read magazines, books, inquire in the embassies and most of all be updated with the current news about the country you plan to visit. Even as simple as photographing certain places or situations could put you in trouble. It is best to be informed than be sorry.

As mentioned earlier, tourists are usually the target of crimes so avoid being a target. To ensure your safety when traveling out of the country, be discreet on your clothing and accessories to avoid attention from people around you. Wear simple dress and avoid wearing expensive looking jewelry. Take care of your passport, cash and credit cards. Do not bring your wallet that contains important cards like social security card and all your credit cards. Avoid carrying large amount of money, one or two credit cards and a traveler’s check would be enough. Bring only those that you need. Do not use shoulder bags or body bags that are easy target for pickpockets or thieves.

Although you are enjoying your trip, be vigilant to avoid being a victim of crimes. Avoid or be extra cautious on places where you are more likely to be victimized by people looking for an opportunity like public markets, poorly lit streets, narrow alleys, underground passages and subways. Do not ride the elevator or take public transportation like taxis alone. With regards to strangers, it is okay to be nice but be cautious because there are crimes or pickpockets that will create scenarios like asking for directions or time just to have the opportunity to victimize you, so avoid interaction with people you do not know. To ensure your safety when traveling out of the country, never accept food or drinks from strangers, there are women raped or people murdered by drinking drugged foods and beverages.

Keep an eye on your luggage and never leave them unattended. Carry your passport and important documents with you and never leave them in your luggage that needs to be checked in. As much as possible do not bring too many things to make your travel easier.

Select a hotel with highly structured security to ensure your safety when traveling out of the country. When you get to the hotel, make sure you know the nearest fire exit and you should know the emergency numbers just in case you need to call. When going out, do not leave your valuable things in the hotel.

It is always fun to travel but of course your safety should always be your priority. Another thing that makes traveling really exciting is when you get to find discounts on airfare. Do you want to know how to obtain ridiculously low-cost airfare? Visit Save on Airfare Secrets

Woodstock CT Historic Homes: Roseland Cottage

Beautifully situated across from the Woodstock town green is Roseland Cottage built in 1846 by Henry Bowen with its colorful array of flower gardens. A classic example of the Gothic Revival architecture that was just becoming popular in the mid 19th century characterized by a steep roof line crowned with ornamented chimney pots, intricately detailed gables overhanging diamond leaded window. The siding has always been painted in a vibrant coral pink that has given the cottage its popular name as the “Pink House.”

Henry Bowen grew up in Woodstock and built a successful dry goods business in New York City specializing in silks. He and his wife Lucy enjoyed summers away from the city and Roseland Cottage was their country house where they entertained friends and powerful political connections including four United States Presidents. Henry and Lucy Bowen had ten children and Woodstock with its rural atmosphere and Henry’s long family history rooted in the area was the perfect retreat from the summer heat and congestion of the city.

Joseph C. Wells was the architect commissioned by Bowen in 1845 to design the 6,000 square Foot Gothic Revival Cottage for his growing family. The layout and design were deeply influenced by the principles of Andrew Jackson Downing who was a leading 19th Century landscape architect. The grounds include a garden house, carriage barn, an icehouse and aviary, but most notably an extensive 3,000 square foot boxwood parterre garden.

After 1850 when the Bowens began spending each summer in Woodstock, they planted the garden that graces the front of the cottage. It’s comprised of 600 yards of boxwood hedge surrounding twenty-one beds of spectacular annual and perennial flowers that have been a central feature of the cottage and Woodstock ever since.

According to family legend, Roseland Cottage was named after the family’s favorite flower, the rose, and it has always been painted pink. A scientific analysis by Historic New England identified thirteen shades of pink in the layers of paint over 160 years with the current coral pink being the color in the 1880’s that’s consistent with other decorative details in the restoration of the house.

Bowen was a political activist, an abolitionist and early supporter of the Republican Party which was the liberal party at the time that fielded the first abolitionist presidential platform in 1856. His dry goods business went bankrupt leading up to the Civil War due to his anti-slavery activism which caused irreconcilable differences with his Southern clients. He refused to support the Fugitive Slave Law and told Southern clients they could “Buy my goods – not my principles.”

After his business failed, he co-founded a successful insurance company, as well as founding and becoming editor of a popular anti-slavery newspaper, The Independent. With this newspaper, he became an important player in politics as the Republican Party grew stronger throughout the later part of the 19th Century.

Lucy Bowen tragically died from complications of giving birth to their tenth child in 1863. Henry remarried two years later Ellen Holt who became a loving mother to his children, and gave him a son. As his family continued to grow and his children had grandchildren, Bowen expanded Roseland Cottage and purchased lots surrounding the cottage until in 1870 the property was approximately six acres.

Beginning in 1870, Henry Bowen began hosting Fourth of July Independence Day parties as a way of promoting patriotism that drew hundreds of distinguished guests and thousands of attendees every year for the next twenty-five years. Four United States Presidents including Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley took part in these festivities.

The Fourth of July parties eventually grew to be so big that Bowen purchased sixty-acres in Woodstock to develop a public park to host the celebrations. Roseland Park featured a windmill that pumped water from the lake into 3 marble fountains with statues, there were fields of hitching posts for the “parking” of the horses that people rode in on.

It had a two-story bathing shed that were changing room where you could rent a woolen bathing costume weighed 20 lbs when wet, with a band-stand above it where bands would play music to the gathered picnickers. Roseland Park was first opened in 1876 during the centennial celebrations and in keeping with Bowen’s will has been open to the public ever since.

Roseland Cottage is open to the public between June 1 and October 15. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1992, and widely regarded as one of the best preserved examples of Gothic Revival architecture in America makes Roseland Cottage one of Woodstock, Connecticut’s most important historic homes.

Travel Tips: 5 Ways To Get Free WiFi

For me traveling is about escaping some of the pressures of everyday life that it’s hard to break away from at home. It’s my only chance to elude the never ending media bombardment of news updates. The only reason I like to be on the web when abroad is to be able to stay in touch with those back home. Getting free wifi cuts down on travel expenses.

Here are some of the ways that you can do it:

1. Do Your Homework

There are plenty of public places such as coffee shops that provide free wifi for their customers. Other possibilities include museums, libraries, cafes, trains, trams and buses. Be sure to do some research before you leave home and you’ll have a good chance of succeeding with the location of it.

2. Hidden Networks Rock

There are plenty of them and they are there waiting for you to use them. Many phones and tablets have applications that will help you to find them. If you don’t use one of these applications, then you can always just keep checking on your phone. Lots of people don’t lock their domestic wifi and you can hop on for a few minutes – just enough time to send emails and check your social media account.

3. Make the Best Use of Your Phone

Smartphones are usually equipped with a wifi hotspot ability. You can link to the web through a system such as 3GS and then emit a wifi signal that you can hook up your tablet or PC to. If you don’t have free 3GS then beware – it could cost you more than you think. Check the prices of data roaming with your network provider prior to leaving.

4. Use the Phone Hotspot of a Friend

If you don’t’ have a data plan that will allow you free access to the internet in the country that you are in, then you can always use somebody else’s. This might be the phone of a native citizen of the country.

5. Only Book If There is Free Wifi

One of my rules is to only book hotels that offer free Wifi. Alternatively I might book a budget hotel that will make a small charge for it. Hotel websites and hotel review sites will usually detail what the arrangement is, so check before you go.

Finding and using free wifi really will cut down on some of your travel expenses. Be sure to make the most of it.

Home-Based Can Mean Big Business

Nowadays, you can get started with less than one thousand dollars. This will buy you your own website, millions of dollars in inventory, sales and marketing tools, and a team of experienced entrepreneurs working with you every step of the way to help you achieve all your goals in life.

You don’t even need a warehouse with receiving and shipping departments. All you really need is a computer and telephone which most people have anyway.

Initially, I looked at franchises and distributorships when deciding about another business. One of the problems I saw with these two models was the large amount of capital needed to start in most cases. Although the potential rewards were high, the risk was more than I wanted to subject myself to in the current state of the economy.

Another problem was the need for office or warehouse space. This meant I would have the added expense of paying rent and utilities.

Other shortcomings include the long hours it would take to succeed and the need to hire and manage employees.

These were all added expenses and headaches that I didn’t really want or need.

I wanted this to be my last business but it had to be something substantial that I could continue to work at as I got closer to retirement age and possibly beyond.

Then, I looked into home-based businesses. I had a friend tell me about network marketing. My initial thought was that it wasn’t for me. My friend, unbeknownst to me, had been very successful at it and thought I could be too. I took him up on it and decided to explore it further.

I was glad that I did. The investment was small. The return has been greater than any I could have achieved in any other business.

The low risk and high reward far outweighed any other business model.

From past experience I can tell you that it is important to pick the right home-based business. A good support team is crucial to your success. In network marketing, you will need a good upline of people that you can call for help and expertise. Make sure that you choose something that interests you. Do something that you will enjoy talking about and will be passionate about.

A number of really successful people have commented that this is a business structure that will thrive in the coming years as baby boomers get older.

Most boomers don’t have enough money saved for retirement. Also, many of them are losing their jobs or having their hours reduced. Some are just tired of the corporate world.

I get one other benefit from my home-based business. The ability to help other people reach their goals and dreams in life. Most people are either afraid to start their own business or don’t have enough capital to do so. They are afraid to go it alone. Choose the right team and you will never run your business alone.

A home-based business can be the path to financial freedom for anyone.

Project Cars Need Basic Maintenance Before Upgrades

Modding your car the way you want it is what takes up an enthusiast’s time – and budget. As one may have seen on various car-specific boards, the possible combinations for upgrading your car are endless, from simple carbon fiber trim to performance-enhancing mods that literally break the bank.

Few are blessed with an open budget when it comes to modding a car. The show car builds that one sees done on YouTube or TV are often the result of corporate sponsorship, to showcase a product or business. And not everyone has parents as understanding as Chris Rado. More realistically, a project car done by the real world modder is the result of several months, even years, of off and on work. And while the end result may not be as flashy as the showcase examples you see at SEMA or on social media, there is no replacement for the sense of pride and satisfaction in being able to complete a project according to your vision.

Many times though, over enthusiasm on the part of the owner results in a modding or upgrade path that is haphazard. What we’re talking about here is foregoing basic car maintenance and spending the money instead on upgrade parts. Example, buying a set high output HID lights when your battery already needs to be replaced. Or opting for a set of high temp brake pads when your caliper seals show signs of leakage. As a car nut, it’s inevitable, expected even, for you to put your personal stamp on the car you own. But there’s no sense in undertaking upgrades at the expense of a well-running car or worse, reducing the safety margins designed into the car. Imagine bragging about your new high output lights and then getting stranded in the parking lot because the battery can’t cope. Talk about egg on your face.

A basic part of car ownership is being aware of the cost of maintaining your ride. And it’s pretty obvious that different cars have different maintenance costs. A Civic will probably set you back a thousand bucks each year for basic maintenance (and that’s a comfortable amount), but be prepared to spend twice or thrice that for a BMW M3 a generation or two back. While that may seem like a lot, do bear in mind that with an M3, you are getting stock what it would take you thousands of dollars in upgrades to get from your Honda. And despite the fact that Honda does make pretty good cars, the Japanese company currently doesn’t have an answer to that icon of driving excellence.

Nowadays, the Internet allows you to roam and go through a much wider display of project car possibilities and get ideas for your own ride. Don’t forget though that your project car still needs basic maintenance as much as the dorky commuter ride sitting next to you at the lights.

The Paradox of Drug Abuse and Euphoria

One of the most significant reasons that people abuse drugs is for the euphoric effects they provide. While many might argue that people use substances to escape reality, to cope with stress and an unlimited number of other reasons, the fact of the matters is that euphoria makes these things possible: drugs cause people to feel good, even if they weren’t necessarily feeling bad to begin with. Unfortunately, the neurological nature of addiction tells us that substance abuse actually makes it more challenging for people to feel euphoria, happiness and contentment.

How Drug Abuse Works: Understanding the Role of Dopamine

The following is a highly simplified explanation of the processes at work when a person abuses drugs:

1.) Drug is consumed which sends signals to neurons in the brain to release the neurotransmitter dopamine (or others in some cases).

2.) Dopamine binds with specialized receptors and produces a feeling of well-being, contentment and euphoria.

3.) Drugs prevent dopamine re-uptake, essentially leaving the substance in the brain for much longer than would ever occur in a natural environment.

4.) Dopamine stimulates the reward center of the brain, which creates a contextual log of the event to use as cues to prompt the user to repeat the behavior. (This is based on the theory that addiction is a byproduct of an innate evolutionary survival mechanism.)

And with these four steps, the groundwork for addiction has been laid.

Tolerance: Another Evolutionary Survival Mechanism

In order to offset the effects of chemical substances, the central nervous system will make changes to receptors and neuronal circuitry to create a resistance to the drug. This can be accomplished by making fewer receptors available, altering the structure of receptors, limiting or restricting their ability to bind to neurotransmitters, or by “disconnecting” parts of neuronal circuits.

The chemical resistance created by adaptations at the neuronal level means that the user will obtain less and less euphoric effect because the CNS essentially views the drug as an invading foreign substance that interferes with the proper working functions of the brain. Of course, this is exactly what drug abuse is; persistent self-inflicted poisoning.

In order to offset the euphoria-limiting effects of tolerance, drug users will simply increase their dosages accordingly. This prompts more changes in neurons – changes that by this point are becoming permanent for many addicts. Ultimately, these changes only make it harder to feel euphoria and generally lead to depression, thoughts of suicide, feelings of worthlessness and other debilitating emotions.

In fact, feelings that are specific to certain drugs, such as high-energy to cocaine, relaxation to marijuana and joy to opiates, are often reversed as the body becomes tolerant to the drugs that cause these responses. This is especially true when an addict suddenly stops using; by forcing drugs into their bodies for so long, they have effectively developed a tolerance to the very feelings they sought to achieve with their substance abuse in the first place.

To summarize, drug abuse can destroy a person’s ability to feel good. And because addiction often comes with repeated relapse events, each successive period of active drug addiction results in additional, permanent changes within the brain – changes that can have a lasting effect on the emotional and mental well-being of the user for the rest of their lives.

This isn’t information to be used as a scare tactic to keep people away from drugs; it’s nothing more than science expressed. People take drugs to feel good, but once addicted those feelings become harder and harder to achieve, even long after active drug use has stopped. This is why it is absolutely critical that if you or someone you love is abusing drugs, they must stop now. With each passing day and each successive “high,” the one thing that they seek – happiness – becomes more difficult to come by; often leading to personal disaster.

The ultimate paradox of drug abuse is that it robs from you what you seek from it.